News

EBR Decision
Dr. Tom Puk, a Professor from Lakehead University in Thunder Bay was the person who made the application which resulted in the land-mark 2005 decision to have the Ministry of Education subject to the Environmental Bill of Rights (EBR). This decision is important because it requires the Minister of Education to establish and make public a Statement of Environmental Values (SEV). In addition it means that the public can voice any concerns they have about the SEV via a public forum on the internet. Until this time the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Finance were two of the major Ministries that were not accountable to the EBR (there are still eleven Ministries not subject to the EBR). Acts, regulations or instruments that Ministries put forward that might affect environment must be posted on the Registry before these laws are legislated. Like most of the other Ministries, under the current ruling the Ministry of Education is still not subject to the review process. Unfortunately the Ontario Government has never followed-up on their commitment and the decision to prescribe the Ministry of Education to the EBR has never been acted upon. We would ask that people write in and demand that the Ministry of Education be subject to Notice and Comment and Review ASAP. Even better, citizens should contact their MPP's, the Premier, Minister of Environment, and Minister of Education now. For additional information on how the EBR can impact Ecological Education please contact us at inquiries@ecologicaleducation.ca.



The following Earth News items provided by:

EcoEarth.Info - The Environmental Sustainability Portal

10/25/2014
New Jersey, New York, Illinois, Toughen #Ebola Quarantine Rules After Doctor Case
ABC: The New York doctor who tested positive for Ebola wasn't required to quarantine himself when he returned to New York City after treating Ebola patients in Guinea. Instead, Dr. Craig Allen Spencer went about his life, hitting a popular restaurant and bowling alley before his diagnosis -- and sending health officials scrambling in the aftermath. But the rules on quarantines are changing. Governors in New York and New Jersey announced today that they would enforce mandatory quarantines for all...

10/25/2014
Bellevue staffers call-in 'sick' after #Ebola patient arrives
New York Post: An extraordinary number of Bellevue Hospital staffers called in sick on Friday rather than treat the city’s first Ebola patient -- and those who showed up were terrified to enter his isolation chamber, sources told The Post. “The nurses on the floor are miserable with a ‘why me?’ attitude, scared to death and overworked because all their co-workers called out sick,” one source said. “One nurse even went as far as to pretend she was having a stroke to get out of working there, but once they...

10/25/2014
New York, New Jersey Will Exceed CDC Requirements In #Ebola Screening
Associated Press: The governors of New Jersey and New York said Friday they are ordering a mandatory, 21-day quarantine for all doctors and other travelers who have had contact with Ebola victims in West Africa. The move came after a New York City doctor who returned to the U.S. a week ago from treating Ebola victims in Guinea was diagnosed with the lethal disease. Many New Yorkers and others were dismayed to learn that in the week before he was hospitalized, Dr. Craig Spencer rode the subway, took a cab, went...

10/25/2014
Medical worker quarantined in New Jersey under new #Ebola safeguards
Reuters: A medical worker quarantined in New Jersey on her return from treating Ebola victims in West Africa was being evaluated in a hospital isolation ward on Saturday after new contagion-control safeguards were imposed for America's biggest urban center. She was the first to be quarantined under a policy imposed on Friday by the states of New York and New Jersey requiring all health workers coming from Ebola-stricken West African countries to be automatically confined for monitoring during the 21-day...

10/25/2014
#Ebola crisis rekindles concerns about secret research Russian military labs
Washington Post: he was an ordinary lab technician with an uncommonly dangerous assignment: drawing blood from Ebola-infected animals in a secret military laboratory. When she cut herself at work one day, she decided to keep quiet, fearing she’d be in trouble. Then the illness struck. “By the time she turned to a doctor for help, it was too late,” one of her overseers, a former bio­weapons scientist, said of the accident years afterward. The woman died quickly and was buried, according to one account, in a “sack...

10/25/2014
New #Ebola Quarantine Protocol Seen as Barrier to Volunteers
New York Times: hen Dr. Thomas M. Kerkering of Virginia Tech’s Carilion School of Medicine returned in late September after volunteering at an Ebola treatment clinic in Sierra Leone, he adhered closely to the routine established by other medical professionals. He checked his temperature twice a day and avoided shaking hands with people and hugging even family members. But he also went out for hamburgers with his wife, bought groceries and browsed at a bookstore. Now, that code of behavior — cautious but hardly...

10/25/2014
Ebola Cases Top 10000: WHO
Reuters: The death toll from the Ebola epidemic rose to 4,922 out of 10,141 known cases in eight countries through Oct. 23, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Saturday. The virus, which reached Mali through a two-year-old girl who died on Friday, now threatens Ivory Coast, having infected people virtually all along its borders with Guinea and Liberia. Ivory Coast is the world's biggest cocoa producer. The Ebola outbreak has hurt the economic growth that has been raising living standards in...

10/25/2014
First Patient Quarantined Under Strict New Policy Tests Negative for #Ebola
New York Times: data-para-count="285" data-total-count="285" itemprop="articleBody" id="story-continues-1">A nurse who had recently worked with Ebola patients in West Africa and was placed under quarantine shortly after she landed in Newark on Friday under a new order by the governors of New York and New Jersey has tested negative for the Ebola virus, New Jersey officials said on Saturday. The nurse, who had no symptoms when she landed at Newark Liberty International Airport but developed a fever while quarantined...

10/25/2014
Mali Red Cross Says #Ebola Tracking Complicated by Health System
Bloomberg: Health officials will struggle to track people who came into contact with Mali’s first Ebola patient as the West African nation rushes to prevent a wider outbreak, the Red Cross said. Health workers will need to retrace the route of the 2-year-old Guinean girl, who died of the virus yesterday. The toddler was showing symptoms when she traveled to Bamako, the capital, and then to the rural town of Kayes, Mamadou Traore, secretary-general for the Red Cross in Mali, said by phone. “It is practically...

10/25/2014
#Ebola Death Toll Nears 5000 as Virus Advances
Voice of America: The Ebola epidemic's death toll has climbed to at least 4,922 out of 10,141 known cases in eight countries, the World Health Organization reported Saturday. The count reflected data through Thursday, WHO said. One of the virus' most recent victims was a 2-year-old Mali girl who died Friday after returning from a trip to neighboring Guinea, Mali health officials said. The toddler became Mali's first confirmed Ebola casualty. Diplomatic sources have expressed concern about the ability of Mali, one...

10/25/2014
#Ebola Spreads to Mali as WHO Races to Contain Outbreak
Bloomberg: Ebola spread to the sixth West African country as a 2-year-old girl succumbed to the disease in Mali, opening a new front in the effort to prevent the outbreak of the deadly viral infection from spreading further. The toddler, who traveled from Kissidougou, Guinea, with her family to Mali and who tested positive for Ebola after being hospitalized died, Abdoulaye Cisse, a spokesman for the World Health Organization in the country, said by phone today. She was admitted to a hospital in Kayes yesterday,...

10/25/2014
#Ebola's spread Mali sets back effort to halt virus
USA Today: The first death from Ebola in this West African nation raised concerns Friday about whether the country would have more success in stemming the deadly virus than its hard-hit neighbors in the region. The 2-year-old female Ebola patient - who died Friday - traveled from neighboring Guinea, one of the most devastated countries in the crisis. Because Mali borders that nation, health officials had warned it was particularly vulnerable to the virus' spread. The first case of Ebola in Mali represents...

10/25/2014
World Health Organization Says 4,922 Killed And More Than 10,000 Infected By #Ebola
Business Times: Ebola virus disease has killed 4,922 and infected 10,141 in eight countries since the beginning of the current outbreak, the World Health Organization reported Saturday. Most of the deaths have been in West Africa, the worst-hit region so far, the United Nations health agency said. Two of the eight countries -- Nigeria and Senegal -- declared themselves Ebola-free Oct. 23, WHO reported. However, the health agency said the disease is still evident in the other six countries: Guinea, Liberia, Mali,...

10/25/2014
World health body: #Ebola cases top 10K
Hill: More than 10,000 people have contracted Ebola, including 200 more than reported earlier this week, the World Health Organization announced Saturday. The outbreak has ravaged Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, where all but 10 of the 4,922 deaths linked to Ebola have been found, according to the report. Those deaths are among the 10,141 suspected or probably cases of Ebola. Cases have also been reported in Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Spain and the United States. The United Nation's health agency reported...

10/25/2014
Malian president urges calm after #Ebola death
Al Jazeera: Mali's president has said he remained calm after revelations that a two-year-old girl infected with Ebola travelled on public transport while contagious, stating that her journey and potential contacts had already been traced. The girl travelled hundreds of kilometres through Mali by bus - including a stop in the capital Bamako - potentially exposing many people to the virus, before she died in the western town of Kayes on Friday. President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita said that the girl's grandmother...

10/25/2014
Mali to keep Guinea border open despite #Ebola death -president
Reuters: Mali will not close its border with neighbouring Guinea after a two-year-old girl infected with Ebola was brought across the frontier by her grandmother and died in Mali this week, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita said on Saturday. The girl travelled hundreds of kilometres through Mali - including a stop in the capital Bamako - on public transport, potentially exposing many people to the virus, before she died in the western town of Kayes on Friday. Keita said that the incident showed it was...

10/25/2014
Mali Aims to Limit #Ebola Spread After First Case Dies
Time: A two-year-old Guinean girl who recently traveled to Mali and was later confirmed to have Ebola has died, officials said on Friday, one day after her positive diagnosis meant the virus had reached its sixth nation in West Africa. The child died around 4 p.m. local time at a treatment center in the western town of Kayes, a health official told Reuters. On Thursday, Health Minister Ousmane Kone told state television that she had traveled from neighboring Guinea, where more than 900 people have died...

10/25/2014
Poverty Exacerbates #Ebola Epidemic
teleSUR: “The rich get the best care. The poor are left to die." Accurate words expressed by WHO director Margaret Chan. Many people in the developed world don't realize that what they take for granted could have a huge impact in other people's lives. In Liberia, for example, one of the poorest countries on Earth, only one in 25 persons actually has access to a toilet in this West African nation, where clean water, a concrete floor, or a refrigerator remains an elusive dream. In West Africa, as well as...

10/25/2014
Number of Ebola cases passes 10000, says WHO
Telegraph: The number of Ebola cases has passed 10,000, according to the World Health Organisation, as the outbreak continues to spread. Authorities in Mali were scrambling to contain fears on Saturday after the death of a two-year-old girl who had travelled 700 miles on the country's bus network before receiving treatment. And in the US, President Barack also tried to reassure a panicking public after two states imposed compulsory quarantine for doctors and nurses arriving home after treating patients overseas....

10/25/2014
First #Ebola case in Mali sparks aid mission by World Health Organisation
Guardian: The World Health Organisation (WHO) is sending experts to help fight Ebola in Mali, a day after a two-year-old girl died in what was the country’s first case of the disease. Authorities confirmed the girl, who had recently been to neighbouring Guinea, had been infected – making Mali the sixth west African country to report a case of Ebola. On Wednesday the child was brought to Fousseyni Daou hospital in the western town of Kayes, where her blood sample tested positive for Ebola. She died in...

10/25/2014
Ebola death toll tops 4900 as virus spreads: WHO
Reuters: The death toll from the Ebola epidemic rose to 4,922 out of 10,141 known cases in eight countries through Oct. 23, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Saturday. The virus, which reached Mali through a two-year-old girl who died on Friday, now threatens Ivory Coast, having infected people virtually all along its borders with Guinea and Liberia. Ivory Coast is the world's biggest cocoa producer. The Ebola outbreak has hurt the economic growth that has been raising living standards in...

10/25/2014
Mali monitors 43 people as it tackles first case of #Ebola
LA Times: Health authorities in Mali are monitoring 43 people known to have been in contact with a 2-year-old girl, the West African nation's first Ebola case. As Malian officials scrambled to head off the threat, authorities in neighboring Ivory Coast were hunting for a Guinean health worker believed to have fled his country, possibly carrying the disease. The 2-year-old girl, who was not identified, was brought by her grandmother to relatives in the Mali town of Kayes after the child’s mother died...

10/25/2014
WHO sending experts to Mali after first #Ebola diagnosis in the West African country
Washington Post: The World Health Organization is preparing to send a team of experts to Mali after the country announced that it had its first Ebola case, a WHO spokesperson said Friday. Mali's health minister said Thursday night that a 2-year-old girl who recently traveled from Guinea with her grandmother was admitted to a hospital in Kayes this week and tested positive for Ebola. On Friday, WHO spokesperson Fadéla Chaib told The Post in an e-mail that four experts would travel to Mali as soon as possible...

10/25/2014
#Ebola cases hit 10000 mark
Guardian: The number of people infected in the outbreak of Ebola has risen above 10,000, with the mortality rate now approaching 50%. The World Health Organisation said on Saturday that the death toll had risen to 4,922 out of 10,141 known cases globally in eight countries as at 23 October. Those figures show about 200 new cases since the last report, four days ago. The three worst-affected countries in west Africa – Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone – account for the vast majority of cases, with only 10...

10/25/2014
This is what #Ebola is doing to West African economies
Quartz: Before Ebola broke out in parts of the West African sub-region, the Adjamé market in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire held its reputation as the biggest commercial hub for traders. Bus stations at the market connected travelers to all parts of Côte d'Ivoire and cities in neighboring countries. Today, this reputation for connecting traders and travelers in the sub-region is waning, since Cote d'Ivoire closed its land borders to neighboring Guinea and Liberia in late August. People familiar with commercial...

10/25/2014
Fear and indifference leave West Africa desperate for #Ebola staff
Reuters: When Australia offered more than $2 million (1.24 million pound) last month to the medical charity leading the fight against Ebola in West Africa, Medecins Sans Frontieres bluntly rejected it. What was urgently needed from rich Western countries, MSF said, was not more money but doctors and nurses. Despite warnings that hundreds of thousands may die, foreign governments and organisations are still hesitating to dispatch highly trained civilian and military personnel to fight the worst ever...

10/25/2014
Mali #Ebola victim travelled while contagious
Al Jazeera: Mali's first Ebola victim, a two-year-old girl, has died of the disease amid an alert she travelled across the country by bus while contagious. The World Health Organisation on Friday said the two-year-old girl was bleeding from her nose during her journey on public transport and may have infected many people. The girl was travelling from Guinea with her grandmother and passed through several towns in Mali, including two hours in the Malian capital of Bamako before ending their journey in the...

10/25/2014
Should those who treat #Ebola in Africa be quarantined?
CNN: When doctors risk their lives and sacrifice their livelihoods to go to West Africa and provide desperately needed treatment to those suffering from Ebola, what should be their reward upon coming home? Three weeks off, some say -- whether they like it or not. The governors of New York and New Jersey instituted just such a policy Friday, announcing that airport screening will be stepped up in their states and that any arriving passengers who'd recently been in the West African nations hit hardest...

10/25/2014
#Ebola outbreak: Cases pass 10,000, WHO reports
BBC: The number of cases in the Ebola outbreak has exceeded 10,000, with 4,922 deaths, the World Health Organization says in its latest report. Only 27 of the cases have occurred outside the three worst-hit countries, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. Those three countries account for all but 10 of the fatalities. Mali became the latest nation to record a death, a two-year-old girl. More than 40 people known to have come into contact with her have been quarantined. The latest WHO situation...

10/25/2014
Why is #Ebola less deadly America than in Africa?
Vox: So far, every story of an American infected with Ebola has ended happily, most recently, with today's news that Dallas nurse Nina Pham -- the first patient to contract Ebola in the US -- has been discharged from hospital, Ebola-free. Beating the virus has become a familiar, almost expected, narrative here: Seven out of the eight Ebola patients treated in the United States have survived. These are hugely better outcomes than in Africa, where approximately 70 percent of patients die. It is true...

10/25/2014
Ocean circulation; a major factor in climate change
Zee News: It isn't just the atmosphere, but the circulation of the oceans plays an equally important role in regulating the Earth's climate, new research shows. The study revealed that the cooling of Earth and continental ice build-up in the Northern Hemisphere 2.7 million years ago coincided with a shift in the circulation of the ocean - which pulls in heat and carbon dioxide in the Atlantic and moves them through the deep ocean from north to south until it's released in the Pacific. The ocean conveyor...

10/25/2014
E.U. Greenhouse Gas Deal Falls Short of Expectations
New York Times: The deal reached early Friday by the European Union to cap its greenhouse gas emissions was meant to increase pressure on the rest of the world to achieve a landmark accord on climate protection next year, the bloc’s leaders said. The approval of a target to slash emissions by 2030 by at least 40 percent, compared with 1990 levels, makes the European Union the first major global emitter to put its position on the table ahead of an important United Nations climate meeting in Paris at the end of 2015....

10/25/2014
Fear and indifference leave West Africa desperate for #Ebola staff
Reuters: When Australia offered more than $2 million last month to the medical charity leading the fight against Ebola in West Africa, Medecins Sans Frontieres bluntly rejected it. What was urgently needed from rich Western countries, MSF said, was not more money but doctors and nurses. Despite warnings that hundreds of thousands may die, foreign governments and organisations are still hesitating to dispatch highly trained civilian and military personnel to fight the worst ever outbreak of the deadly...

10/24/2014
India's vulnerability to #Ebola a crisis in the making
Bangkok Post: Which countries, beyond those in West Africa, are most susceptible to the Ebola epidemic? Most epidemiologists do not fear much for the developed world, with its effective quarantine measures and tracking procedures, or even for sparsely populated developing countries. An outbreak could easily be contained in both groups of countries. But large, densely populated areas, lacking the proper containment mechanisms are highly vulnerable. India, with its large emigrant population -- the second largest...

10/24/2014
Liberians Threaten To Break Quarantine Over Food Shortage
International Business Times: A Liberian town was in crisis Thursday as 43 people quarantined on suspicion of having contracted the Ebola virus threatened to escape from the isolation area due to a lack of food. The town, Jenewonda, located near Liberia's border with Sierra Leone, recently saw four people die of the virus, which led authorities to institute the quarantine, the Associated Press quoted state radio station Liberia Broadcasting System as reporting. As has been the case with a number of other Ebola quarantine zones...

10/24/2014
#Ebola Death Toll 2014: How Many People Have Really Died From Virus?
International Business Times: The number of Ebola cases so far this year: 9,936. How many people have been killed by Ebola: 4,877. These are the official figures put out by the World Health Organization, widely regarded as the authority on the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. Those statistics have been widely circulated, reported, tweeted and retweeted, but the number of deaths related to Ebola is based largely on speculation, not concrete evidence, according to a spokesman for WHO. “We don’t really know how many deaths there...

10/24/2014
#Ebola in West Africa: Total number of cases set to exceed 10000
Health Site: The World Health Organisation (WHO) said that the number of people with Ebola is set to hit 10,000 in West Africa, The UN`s public health body said 9,936 people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone -- the three countries at the epicentre of the world`s worst-ever Ebola epidemic -- have contracted the disease. In total, 4,877 people have so far died. With experts warning the rate of infections could reach 10,000 a week by early December, researchers around the world are scrambling to beat the tropical...

10/24/2014
WHO reports 9936 #Ebola cases and 4877 deaths in West Africa
Cihan: The International Health Regulations Emergency Committee presented its conclusions in Geneva today, it said the primary emphasis must continue to be stopping the transmission of Ebola within the three affected countries with intense transmission. To date, The World Health Organization has reported a total of 9936 confirmed, probable, and suspected cases of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) and 4877 deaths in West Africa. Senegal and Nigeria have been declared Ebola free , while the disease transmission...

10/24/2014
Nigeria pledges 600 volunteers as Africa steps up #Ebola fight
Reuters: Nigeria pledged on Thursday to send a contingent of 600 volunteers to help fight the worst ever outbreak of Ebola on record which has killed nearly 5,000 people in West Africa. With financial pledges flowing in from around the world but trained doctors and nurses scarce in the three worst affected countries -- Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone, the African Union appealed last week to member states to urgently fill the gap. African nations' response to the crisis has drawn criticism, with officials...

10/24/2014
Starving Liberians threaten breakout from Ebola quarantine
Christian Examiner: When dozens who were quarantined after a number of deaths in the impoverished town of Jenewonda, Liberia threaten to leave isolation because they are not receiving food, frustration swelled at the same pace as the spread of Ebola within the nation. West African nation's state radio reported today more than 40 quarantined individuals said the U.N. World Food Program stopped providing food to people affected by Ebola in the areas of Grand Cape Mount County near the Sierra Leone border. But according...

10/24/2014
Doctor with Ebola in New York stable; Obama hugs nurse
Reuters: The Obama administration is considering quarantines for healthcare workers returning from Ebola-ravaged West African countries, an official said on Friday, as authorities in New York retraced the steps of a doctor with the disease. In Washington, President Barack Obama hugged a Dallas nurse who survived Ebola after catching it from a patient. Quarantining healthcare workers returning to the United States from the Ebola "hot zone" was one of a number of options being discussed by officials from...

10/24/2014
Doctors Spar With Congress Over #Ebola Worker Quarantine
Bloomberg: As members of Congress call for a mandatory quarantine of Ebola health workers returning from West Africa, doctors are pushing back, warning that the added burden could deter many from volunteering to fight the outbreak at its source. The conflict highlights a rift between an anxious public fearful of the virus that has now been diagnosed in four people in the U.S., and medical aid groups who say their workers can monitor themselves and know how not to spread the disease. There are currently...

10/24/2014
African Nations Pledge 1600 Volunteer #Ebola Workers
Deutsche Welle: The African Union says member states have promised to send more than 1,600 volunteer health workers to Ebola-affected countries. The continent's slow response to help the stricken nations has come under criticism. African Union (AU) member states will send more than 1,000 volunteer health workers to the countries worst-affected by the Ebola epidemic in West Africa - Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea - where trained doctors and nurses are scarce. Nigeria has pledged to send a contingent of 600 volunteers,...

10/24/2014
Reports: CDC mulling Ebola quarantines
Hill: The Obama administration may soon require medical workers who treat Ebola overseas to be quarantined upon arriving in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began discussing a quarantine, among other policy options, late Thursday, a spokesman told Reuters. The talks began shortly after Craig Spencer, an Ebola doctor from New York City, was diagnosed with the country's fourth case of Ebola. New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said Friday morning that the administration...

10/24/2014
Worst #Ebola outbreak on record tests global response
Reuters: Global health authorities are struggling to contain the world's worst Ebola epidemic since the disease was identified in 1976. The virus has killed more than 4,500 people. Here is a timeline of the outbreak: March 22: Guinea confirms a previously unidentified hemorrhagic fever, which killed more than 50 people, is Ebola. March 30: Liberia reports two Ebola cases; suspected cases reported in Sierra Leone. April 1: Medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) warns the epidemic's spread is...

10/24/2014
Evaluating the international response to #Ebola in Liberia
Liberian Dialogue: Even though news of the first Ebola case surfaced in Meliandou, Gueckdou Perfecture in Guinea in late December 2013, the World Health Organization (WHO), which is the lead U.N. agency on international health matters, first published formal notification of Ebola’s outbreak on March 23, 2014. This was just about the same time that Ebola crossed the international borderlines of Guinea and Sierra Leone to emerge in Liberia – Lofa and Nimba Counties. As it turned out, the outbreak was largely undetected...

10/24/2014
Congress expresses doubt about US #Ebola precautions
Washington Post: Lawmakers voiced skepticism on Friday about Obama administration assurances that government measures are likely to succeed in protecting the United States, and U.S. soldiers overseas, from further spread of the Ebola virus. Rep. Darrell Issa (R-Calif.), who chairs the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, characterized the administration’s response to the disease so far as “bumbling.” “I think we all know that the system is not yet refined to where we could say it is working properly,”...

10/24/2014
Experts Predict 'Catastrophic' Ebola Epidemic in West Africa if Aid Delayed
HealthDay: A large influx of international aid is needed, and soon, if West Africa is to avoid tens of thousands of deaths from the widening Ebola crisis, a team of Yale University researchers predict. Using a specially designed mathematical model, the researchers looked at the possible future of the outbreak in just one densely populated county of hard-hit Liberia -- Montserrado County, home to the capital city of Monrovia. The researchers said that if international aid isn't delivered to Liberia in...

10/24/2014
#Ebola's lesson? Get real on public health
Modesto Bee: Reality has settled in: Thomas Eric Duncan’s fiancee doesn’t have Ebola. Neither do most of the first wave of people to come into contact with the virus’ first victim in the United States. There was no Ebola among the Texas hospital staff who greeted Duncan when he first showed up with symptoms. No Ebola among the ambulance drivers who returned him to the hospital when he developed a fever. No Ebola yet on the flights taken by that nurse who treated him and then became infected, and who, like...

10/24/2014
#Ebola cases in New York and Mali fan travel fears
Associated Press: The Ebola virus's arrival in New York City and yet another West African nation -- Mali -- renewed questions Friday about whether stricter travel restrictions would help lock down the deadly disease. The governors of New York and New Jersey went ahead and issued their own quarantine order. There was good news, too, as one of the two American nurses who caught Ebola from a patient headed home from the hospital, stopping by the White House to get a celebratory hug from President Barack Obama. European...

10/24/2014
The real worry isn’t #Ebola in New York — It’s Ebola in Mali
Washington Post: Despite the panic over a doctor with Ebola in New York City, a case half the world away may be more dangerous in the long run. On Thursday, Mali's health minister confirmed that the country has its first confirmed Ebola case: A 2-year-old girl in the western Kayes region who had recently traveled to neighboring Guinea. The infant is now reported to have died from the disease. While the diagnosis of Craig Spencer, a doctor who had treated Ebola patients in Guinea, dominated headlines in the U.S.,...

10/24/2014
WHO: Mali case put many at risk for #Ebola
Associated Press: Many people in Mali are at high risk of catching Ebola because the toddler who brought the disease to the country was bleeding from her nose as she traveled on a bus from Guinea, the World Health Organization warned Friday. The U.N. agency is treating the situation as an emergency since many people may have had "high-risk exposures" to the 2-year-old girl during her journey through several towns in Mali, including two hours in the capital, Bamako. The girl was traveling with her grandmother. ...

10/24/2014
Doctors, aid workers fight #Ebola in West Africa, then fear of disease in U.S.
Washington Post: Rajiv Shah returned from the Ebola hot zone last week. The head of the U.S. Agency for International Development had spent several days traveling in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, where USAID announced $142 million in humanitarian projects and grants to combat Ebola in West Africa. When he flew back to Washington, Shah joined a small army of American doctors, diplomats, aid workers, medical researchers, military personnel, journalists and others here who have been traveling back and forth from...

10/24/2014
Florida Lizards Evolve in Just 15 Years
Nature World: A native lizard species from Florida has demonstrated some rapid evolution - in as little as 15 years - due to pressures from an invading lizard species hailing from Cuba, according to a recent study. Fearful of invading Cuban anoles or brown anoles, the native lizards reportedly began perching higher in trees, and, generation after generation, their feet evolved to become better at gripping the thinner, smoother branches found higher up. The change occurred so quickly, that just within a matter...

10/24/2014
Ebola in New York: Could We Stop it With Blood?
Nature World: Earlier today, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed that a new imported case of Ebola has developed in an American health worker. His chances of survival look positive, and experts are saying that his blood, along with the blood of other survivors, could potentially help treat the disease. The healthcare worker, who remains unnamed, returned to the United States after volunteering in West Africa for an extended period of time. He reportedly went through a rigorous...

10/24/2014
Blocked on Keystone XL, the Oil-Sands Industry Looks East
National Geographic: The oil-sands industry in Alberta has a problem: It's capable of producing more oil than it can get to market. It has tried building new pipelines south into the United States-the famous Keystone XL project-and west to British Columbia. But both projects are stalled and face stiff opposition. Now a battle is heating up over the latest proposal: a 2,858-mile-long pipeline to Canada's east coast. TransCanada, the same company that wants to build Keystone XL, says it plans to seek Canadian government...

10/24/2014
Brazil's Severe Drought Dries Up Reservoirs
National Geographic: Thanks to the worst drought in eight decades in southeastern Brazil, water levels have dropped dramatically in the reservoirs that supply São Paulo, the country's largest city. New satellite imagery from NASA reveals that critical reservoirs there have dwindled to 3 to 5 percent of storage capacity, creating shortages in the region. Rainfall totals in the region this year are 12 to 16 inches (300 to 400 millimeters) below normal. According to a poll conducted this week, 60 percent of respondents...

10/24/2014
Climate change: 'This is our last chance'
Irish Times: ‘It’s impossible to respond to climate change without confronting historical injustice or talking about redistribution of wealth,” says Naomi Klein. “There are lots of greens who’d like me to be quiet about that because they think it’s a secret.” She laughs. “It’s not! People know. The cat’s out of the bag.” Klein sometimes laughs when talking about dark subjects. She laughs in the middle of pronouncements about our warming planet. She laughs when discussing the terrifying hubris of geo-engineers....

10/24/2014
Roundup: UN chief spotlights obligation to end #Ebola epidemic
Xinhua: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki- moon on Friday said that the world body has an obligation to the Ebola affected countries to end the epidemic, which has reportedly claimed more than 4,800 lives. The secretary-general made the remarks as he was hosting a global Town Hall meeting Friday morning to brief staff members on measures being taken to protect them from Ebola. "He stressed that the UN has an obligation to the affected countries to end the epidemic and, at the same time, an obligation to...

10/24/2014
Mali's first Ebola case, a 2-yr-old girl, dies -officials
Reuters: A two-year-old girl who was Mali's first case of Ebola died on Friday, shortly after the World Health Organization warned that many people had potentially been exposed to the virus because she was taken across the country while ill. The girl had travelled with her grandmother hundreds of kilometres by bus from Guinea via Mali's capital to the western town of Kayes, where she was diagnosed on Thursday. Health workers were scrambling to trace hundreds of potential contacts in a bid to prevent Ebola...

10/24/2014
U.S. military starts training its #Ebola rapid-response team
Reuters: As health officials were trying to manage a patient infected with Ebola in New York, U.S. military personnel in Texas were in the first stages of training a new rapid-response team that could head to hospitals the next time an outbreak occurs. The 30-member U.S. Military Ebola Rapid Response Team assembled at the Army's San Antonio Military Medical Center on Wednesday and consists of five physicians, 20 nurses and five certified trainers. The group will supervise treatment and help hospitals...

10/24/2014
New York officials reassure city as man tests positive for #Ebola
LA Times: Ebola turned up in the nation’s largest city Thursday when a Manhattan doctor who had treated victims of the deadly virus in Africa tested positive for it, less than a month after Ebola killed one person and sickened two nurses in Texas. The patient, identified as Dr. Craig Allen Spencer, had been working with the medical aid group Doctors Without Borders in Guinea, one of three West African countries hit hardest by the Ebola outbreak. More than 4,800 people are thought to have died in West Africa...

10/24/2014
Some worry doctors will stop helping #Ebola patients
USA Today: The diagnosis of Ebola in a physician who worked for Doctors Without Borders could make it harder for humanitarian groups to recruit health workers, some experts say. Craig Spencer, a 33-year-old emergency physician at New York Presbyterian Hospital, was placed in an isolation unit Thursday after reporting a fever and diarrhea. Ebola infection among health workers has been a critical problem in West Africa, where poverty and brutal civil wars have left health systems in tatters. At least...

10/24/2014
Ebola: World Bank Chief Calls for Health Workers in West Africa
Time: The global health community needs "thousands" more health-care workers in West Africa to tame the Ebola virus epidemic that has so far killed nearly 5,000 people, the president of the World Bank told reporters Friday. Dr. Jim Yong Kim, chief of the international financial institution, said a lack of trained medical personnel in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone is one of the main challenges hampering the international effort to control an outbreak that has ravaged three West African countries and...

10/24/2014
To Fight #Ebola, West Africa Needs More Doctors And Nurses -- Not Money
Reuters: When Australia offered more than $2 million last month to the medical charity leading the fight against Ebola in West Africa, Medecins Sans Frontieres bluntly rejected it. What was urgently needed from rich Western countries, MSF said, was not more money but doctors and nurses. Despite warnings that hundreds of thousands may die, foreign governments and organizations are still hesitating to dispatch highly trained civilian and military personnel to fight the worst ever outbreak of the deadly...

10/24/2014
Two US states to quarantine health workers returning from Ebola zones
Reuters: New York and New Jersey will automatically quarantine all medical workers returning from Ebola-hit West African countries, and the U.S. government is considering the same step after a doctor who treated patients in Guinea came back infected, officials said on Friday. The steps announced by the two states, which go beyond the current restrictions being imposed by the U.S. government on travelers from Liberia, Sierra Leone or Guinea, came as medical detectives tried to retrace the steps of the infected...

10/24/2014
Feds mull quarantine for health workers from W. Africa
CNBC: The Obama administration is considering imposing a quarantine on health workers returning from Ebola-afflicted countries in West Africa after a New York City doctor who had worked in that region tested positive for the often-deadly disease. A federal Centers for Disease Control spokesman said it is like that changes will be made to current CDC guidelines for medical workers returning from the nations of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, Reuters reported Friday afternoon. "There are lots of...

10/24/2014
NYC #Ebola: No cause for alarm, mayor says
CNN: New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo was joined Friday by New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie to announced more stringent airport screening procedures for travelers returning from West African countries affected by the Ebola outbreak, including automatic quarantines for some returning medical workers. A Doctors Without Borders physician, who recently came back from treating Ebola patients in Guinea, on Thursday became the first diagnosed Ebola case in New York City. A Doctors Without Borders physician who is...

10/24/2014
Ebola crisis: 'Many exposed' to infected Mali girl
BBC: Health officials fear many people may have been exposed to Mali's first Ebola victim - a two-year-old girl. She recently arrived from Guinea, one of the worst affected countries, and has since died. The girl showed symptoms, including a bleeding nose, while travelling on a public bus through several towns, the World Health Organization (WHO) said. Forty-three people, including 10 health workers, who came into contact with her have been identified and isolated. The girl was being treated...

10/24/2014
EU climate change goal pits green business against industry
Reuters: A European Union goal to cut greenhouse gases by 40 percent by 2030, agreed early on Friday, sets the pace for a global deal to tackle climate change, pitting heavy industry against green business. Industry bosses said they faced big challenges to adapt, while greener firms said the EU had aimed too low to spur low-carbon investment and climate campaigners said concessions to polluters made it "a dirty thirty", not a 2030 deal. The 2030 targets will follow existing 2020 goals that the EU is on...

10/24/2014
#Ebola Jumps Around the World
Environment News Service: The worst Ebola outbreak in history, which began in West Africa in March, is traveling around the world. On Thursday, a New York City emergency room doctor who worked with Ebola patients in Guinea was diagnosed with the disease and is quarantined in hospital in New York. Today the first case appeared in the West African country of Mali. This week two African countries -- Senegal and Nigeria -- were declared Ebola-free. The World Health Organization said, "The most important lesson for the world...

10/24/2014
Why Americans Should Fear Fear of #Ebola More than Virus
New York Times: As New York City grapples with tracing the contacts of Craig Spencer, a young physician infected with the Ebola virus, It’s worth drawing attention to two worthy efforts to tamp down unreasoned fears — President Obama’s White House embrace of Nina Pham, the Dallas nurse who contracted Ebola while treating a dying patient, and David Ropeik’s fine piece on the perils posed by Ebola fears, published by the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Here’s an excerpt from the piece by Ropeik, who’s the author...

10/24/2014
The Disappearance of Ocean's Monstrous Megalodon Shark
Nature World: Controversy has long surrounded the disappearance of the monstrous Megalodon, the ocean's largest shark ever, but a new study concludes that this 60-foot-long predator became extinct 2.6 million years ago. This date falls on the border between the Pliocene and Pleistocene Epochs, right when baleen whales began growing to their modern-day gigantic sizes, which makes sense considering the 50-ton shark fed on marine mammals. Without the presence of this behemoth, baleen whales could flourish. "I...

10/24/2014
From Senegal and Nigeria, 4 Lessons on How to Stop #Ebola
National Geographic: Senegal is a poverty-stricken nation that borders Guinea, one of the three countries hit hardest by the Ebola epidemic in West Africa. More than 1,500 people in Guinea have been infected with the Ebola virus since last December, and more than 900 of them have died. In Senegal, however, there has been just one case and no deaths. In Nigeria-Africa's most populous country, with about 174 million people, roughly 21 million of them in Lagos, the continent's largest city-Ebola was carried in by...

10/24/2014
GOP Candidates Treading Gingerly on Climate Change
Associated Press: Republicans in competitive races are treading gingerly around climate change this campaign season, often saying they are not in a good position to make a judgment on the issue, then pivoting quickly to express concern for the environment, the economy or both. "I am not a scientist," Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky has said numerous times, a response that other members of his party have employed when asked if human activity is causing the earth to warm. Former Rep. Frank...

10/24/2014
EU strikes compromise to set new climate target for 2030
Reuters: European Union leaders struck a deal on a new target to cut carbon emissions out to 2030, calling it a new global standard but leaving critics warning that compromises had undermined the fight against climate change. Talks in Brussels stretched into the small hours of Friday as Poland battled to spare its coal industry and other states tweaked the guideline text on global warming to protect varied economic interests, from nuclear plants and cross-border power lines to farmers whose livestock belch...

10/24/2014
Fusion won’t save us from climate change
Grist: We all just love a story where the suspense builds and builds, the whole tale teeters on the brink of disaster — but then, just in time, the hero or heroine saves the day. And it’s no different with climate change. As we watch this slow-motion catastrophe unfurl, we hold out hope for that last-minute save, that silver bullet that could solve the whole problem. The latest hope for a catchall climate fix comes from the secret labs of weapons manufacturer Lockheed Martin, which announced last week...

10/24/2014
Pragmatism on Climate Change Trumps Politics at Local Level Across U.S
New York Times: As she planned her run for the Florida House of Representatives this year, Kristin Jacobs told her team that she wanted her campaign to address the effects of climate change. Her advisers were initially skeptical, noting that voters typically said they cared about the environment, but considered the issue less urgent than the economy and health care. Ms. Jacobs, a commissioner for Broward County, pressed her case, arguing that few issues were more critical to residents of southeast Florida than...

10/24/2014
In just 15 years, wind could provide a fifth of the world’s electricity
Grist: Up to one fifth of the world`s electricity supply could come from wind turbines by 2030, according to a new report released this week by Greenpeace and the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC). That would be an increase of 530 percent compared to the end of last year. The report says the coming global boom in wind power will be driven largely by China`s rebounding wind energy market - and a continued trend of high levels of Chinese green energy investment -- as well as by steady growth in the United...

10/24/2014
Europe Reaches Climate Deal, Sends Message
Climate Central: The European Commission's vote to reduce greenhouse gas pollution levels by 40 percent by 2030, compared with 1990 levels, "will put pressure on all countries,' said Jake Schmidt, the Natural Resources Defence Council's climate negotiations expert, "including the U.S. and China, to be ambitious when they announce targets next year.' The European Union's (EU) 28 countries are responsible for about one-sixth of the greenhouse gas pollution that's created by humanity every year. The EU is on track...

10/24/2014
Fight Over $100 Billion Aid Stalls Global Warming Deal
Bloomberg: A dispute about how to link greenhouse-gas emissions cuts to a promise from the wealthiest nations for $100 billion a year in climate aid emerged as a major stumbling block at UN talks on global warming. After a week of discussions in Bonn, envoys from some 190 nations deadlocked about the formula countries will use in setting out their commitments on reducing fossil-fuel pollution in time for the deal they plan to sign in Paris in 2015. That means higher-level officials will have to deal with...

10/24/2014
New EU carbon target is bold but ‘not enough’
Independent: EU leaders performed their usual victory lap in the early hours of this morning after they agreed the boldest target to cut carbon emissions in history, yet experts are still worried the agreed terms are not strong enough. Despite opposition from poorer coal-dependent countries such as Poland, the 28-country bloc managed to agree a target binding each of them to a cut in carbon emissions of “at least” 40 per cent by 2030, compared to 1990. Ed Davey, the energy secretary, hailed the deal as...

10/24/2014
Newly Discovered Microbe Is Key Player In Climate Change
RedOrbit: As permafrost soils thaw under the influence of global warming, communities of soil microbes act as potent amplifiers of global climate change, an international study has shown. Tiny soil microbes are among the world`s biggest potential amplifiers of human-caused climate change, but whether microbial communities are mere slaves to their environment or influential actors in their own right is an open question. Now, research by an international team of scientists from the US, Sweden and Australia,...

10/24/2014
Frustration at UN climate talks despite EU deal
Agence France-Presse: A European deal on curbing carbon emissions yielded a rare concrete input Friday to UN climate talks, but did little to ease frustration among negotiators demanding progress on a global pact in Bonn. Sealed at a hard-fought summit in Brussels, the European Union agreement was praised by UN climate chief Christiana Figueres as providing "valuable momentum" towards a global pact to be inked in Paris just over 13 months from now. But developing countries and observers said the contribution, though...

10/24/2014
EPA chief: Public tired of debating climate change
Hill: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Gina McCarthy said Friday that the public does not want more "debate or discussion" about climate change, but government action. "First, people overwhelmingly consider climate change to be a problem—and they want action, not more debate or discussion," McCarthy said in a speech at Georgetown University. "Second, what’s even more impressive, is that we see overwhelming support specifically for EPA action to curb carbon pollution from power plants,"...

10/24/2014
São Paulo running out of water as rain-making Amazon vanishes
Reuters: South America's biggest and wealthiest city may run out of water by mid-November if it doesn't rain soon. São Paulo, a Brazilian megacity of 20 million people, is suffering its worst drought in at least 80 years, with key reservoirs that supply the city dried up after an unusually dry year. One of the causes of the crisis may be more than 2,000 kilometers away, in the growing deforested areas in the Amazon region. "Humidity that comes from the Amazon in the form of vapor clouds - what we call...

10/24/2014
Oceans acidifying at unprecedented rate, says chief scientist
Blue and Green: Sir Mark Walport, the UK government’s chief scientist, has warned that since the industrial revolution the acidity of the world’s oceans has increased by 25% and is set to rise further -- threatening fish stocks and the natural environment. Today ocean acidification is being driven by manmade carbon emissions, which are often absorbed by the seas. Scientists have observed that the current acidification trend far exceeds historical, naturally occurring trends. Speaking to the BBC, Walport said,...

10/24/2014
EU pledges €1bn Ebola aid west Africa amid warnings 'explosion' of virus by mid-December
Telegraph: European Union leaders agreed at a summit on Friday to boost aid to combat the Ebola virus in west Africa EUR1bn (£790m), EU President Herman Van Rompuy said. "EU will increase financial help to 1 billion euros to fight Ebola in West Africa," Mr Van Rompuy tweeted. Member states and the European Commission had already pledged nearly EUR600m. The announcement came as researchers warned that west Africa's Ebola epidemic is likely to explode by the middle of December, with the loss of tens of...

10/24/2014
WTO Says U.S. Consumers Don’t Need to Know Where Meat Comes From
EcoWatch: This week, the World Trade Organization (WTO) finally issued a decision in the challenge made by Mexico and Canada to the U.S.`s country-of-origin (COOL) labeling rules for meat. And environmental and food safety groups are hopping mad, as WTO upheld the contention made by those countries, supported by multi0national meat packers, that the rules unfairly impede global trade. “The meatpacking lobby has lost the COOL debate from the court of public opinion to the Court of Appeals to the halls of...

10/24/2014
EU agrees 40% emission cut climate target
Blue and Green: EU leaders have agreed on a climate change pact that requires the bloc to cut its greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% by 2030. The climate package, finalised at a meeting of heads of state and government in Brussels, also sets two 27% targets for renewable energy’s market share and for energy efficiency improvements across the EU. With world leaders set to meet in Paris next year in an effort to engineer a similar global deal, EU delegates said the agreement was an important breakthrough....

10/24/2014
Climate change to reduce Europe's bird population: ecologists
Xinhua: Climate change will lead to a sharp decline of common species of birds in Europe, ecologists attending a meeting on birdlife here warned on Thursday. About 2.3 million breeding birds, such as the blackbirds, wrens, and chiffchaffs, could disappear in Germany alone by 2050 due to climate change, Thomas Gottschalk from the University of Applied Forest Sciences, who was here attending the BirdLife Fall Conference, told the Austria Press Agency in an interview. However, there are also birds who will...

10/24/2014
EU Leaders Agree Increase Renewable Energy Consumption to 27%
Ria Novosti: The EU leaders adopted 2030 climate and energy framework, which provides for mandatory increase of renewable energy share up to a third of the union's total consumption, according to the report from the October European Council meeting published on its official website Friday. "An EU target of at least 27 percent is set for the share of renewable energy consumed in the EU in 2030," the report reads. "The European Council endorsed a binding EU target of an at least 40 percent domestic reduction...

10/24/2014
Science chief warns on acid oceans
BBC: The UK's chief scientist says the oceans face a serious and growing risk from man-made carbon emissions. The oceans absorb about a third of the CO2 that's being produced by industrial society, and this is changing the chemistry of seawater. Sir Mark Walport warns that the acidity of the oceans has increased by about 25% since the industrial revolution, mainly thanks to manmade emissions. CO2 reacts with the sea water to form carbonic acid. He told BBC News: "If we carry on emitting CO2...

10/24/2014
Vaccine Trials for Ebola Are Planned in West Africa
New York Times: Federal officials and pharmaceutical companies are planning in the near future to start two large clinical trials of Ebola vaccines in West African countries devastated by the outbreak, a government official said Thursday. The trials will run separately - one in Liberia, the other in Sierra Leone - and involve different designs to ensure at least one produces usable information. "It's very important to make sure that, given how challenging these trials might be, that we take no chances, that...

10/23/2014
Response to Ebola epidemic in west Africa too slow, say scientists
Guardian: The international response to the Ebola epidemic in west Africa is too slow and providing too few beds for the sick to stop the soaring number of cases and deaths, scientists say. A paper in the Lancet Infectious Diseases medical journal models the response in Montserrado, Liberia, against the spread of the virus and warns that current efforts will not bring the outbreak under control. “Our predictions highlight the rapidly closing window of opportunity for controlling the outbreak, and averting...

10/23/2014
#Ebola death toll rises to almost 4,900
Al Jazeera: The number of people with Ebola is almost to hit 10,000 in West Africa, the World Health Organisation said, as the scramble to find a cure gathered pace. The UN's public health body said 9,936 people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone - the three countries at the epicentre of the world's worst Ebola epidemic - have contracted the disease, WHO said on Wednesday. In total, 4,877 people have so far died. The news comes as the Red Cross said it would be at least four months before the epidemic...

10/23/2014
New #Ebola Country in West Africa: Single Case Confirmed in Mali
NBC: The first case of Ebola in Mali has been confirmed, the West African country's health minister said Thursday evening. The announcement made on Malian state television by Ousmane Kone said that the patient was a 2-year-old girl who had come from neighboring Guinea. The child was brought to a hospital in the Malian town of Kayes on Wednesday, and her blood sample tested positive for the virus. Mali becomes the sixth West African country to report an Ebola case — though nearly all the cases and deaths...

10/23/2014
Doctor tests positive for #Ebola in New York
PBS: A doctor tested positive for Ebola in New York City after returning from a trip treating the disease in Guinea, the Associated Press reports. Craig Spencer, a 33-year-old Doctors Without Borders physician and emergency room doctor, was brought to Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan Thursday after reporting a 103-degree fever. Spencer is currently being treated in an isolation ward within the hospital. Spencer is the first diagnosed Ebola patient for New York and the fourth confirmed case in the...

10/23/2014
New York doctor tests positive for #Ebola
Reuters: A physician with Doctors Without Borders who returned to New York City from West Africa has tested positive for Ebola, the New York Times said on Thursday. Dr. Craig Spencer was working for the humanitarian organization in Guinea, one of three West African nations hardest hit by Ebola. Spencer, 33, developed a fever and gastrointestinal symptoms and notified Doctors Without Borders on Thursday morning, the organization said in a statement. Spencer was transported to Bellevue Hospital from...

10/23/2014
Doctor tests positive for #Ebola at New York hospital
Guardian: A physician who recently returned to New York from Ebola-ravaged west Africa has tested positive for the disease, officials announced. Craig Spencer, 33, a doctor who lives in the Harlem neighbourhood of Manhattan, was taken to hospital in New York City on Thursday after displaying symptoms consistent with those caused by Ebola. A preliminary test confirmed that Spencer has the virus. Health officials had already said they were tracing the doctor’s contacts, which the New York City mayor,...


Did You Know?

It takes 1000 years to decompose plastic bags on land and 450 years to decompose in water.

 

Website developed by: